ADINA for Use in Research and Teaching at Universities ADINA is now widely used at Universities for teaching and research. In the following, some experiences and key points are given for the use of ADINA. Teaching In teaching, ADINA is used in courses on finite element methods. ADINA is used in elementary introductory subjects and in advanced subjects. Since ADINA offers modern finite element methods for structures, incompressible and compressible fluid flows, heat transfer, and general multiphysics analysis, the program can be used in a variety of courses on finite element methods. Typically, term projects are completed by the students on Universitywide available machines (using ADINA with unlimited number of nodes and elements) and homework is completed using the 900 nodes version on students' laptops or other machines. In teaching, ADINA is also used in courses not focusing on numerical methods, but to illustrate to the students certain physical behaviors. Instead of performing a laboratory experiment, the numerical simulation of the physical event is shown, and the students can directly ask "what if" questions, like what if the boundary conditions are changed, what if the loading is changed, etc. The numerical simulations directly illustrate the answers to these questions and of course much more can be seen than in a laboratory experiment, because it is possible to look "into" the structure, flow field, and so on. ADINA can be used for this purpose in courses on structural analysis, elasticity, fluid flows, heat transfer, etc. An important point is also that ADINA can be employed very effectively to show the use of hierarchical modeling assumptions of engineering problems, in which first simple mathematical models and then more complex mathematical models are solved. ADINA is here very effectively used because simple to very complex models including multiphysics can be solved. Research In research, ADINA is used in mechanics of materials, for example, to implement material models and to analyze microstructural configurations. The implementation of material models is achieved through the userdefined subroutines. In research, ADINA is also widely used in the analysis of new designs. Since structures, fluids, heat transfer and the interactions can directly be solved, ADINA is frequently the only analysis tool that can be used to achieve an effective analysis of a design. In research, ADINA can also be used to compare any new numerical methods development against the techniques available in ADINA. Since ADINA is offering stateoftheart methods, it can be desirable to compare new numerical methods against those available in ADINA in terms of efficiency and accuracy. What the University license offers There is much offered for the use of ADINA, at very low license fees:
