Multiphysics Capabilities of ADINA Multiphysics problems are encountered when the response of a system is affected by the interaction between several distinct physical fields (e.g., structural deformation, fluid flow, electric field, temperature, porepressure, …). Many problems in engineering and science involve some level of coupling between different physical fields. In the past, due to the lack of computational capabilities, these coupling effects were either ignored or taken into account very approximately. However, with the current analysis capabilities available in ADINA, many important multiphysics coupling effects can now be included accurately. By including these coupling effects, the analyses provide deeper insight into the performance of designs, leading to more economical and safer products, and also to a better understanding of the causes and consequences of natural phenomena [1].
Mathematically, multiphysics problems are described by a set of coupled partial differential equations (PDEs). The solution of these equations poses a challenge regarding the robustness of the algorithms to handle such interactions in a general and efficient manner. The ADINA Multiphysics package includes all ADINA solvers for solids and structures, heat transfer, CFD, and also a comprehensive array of multiphysics capabilities tightly integrated in one program:
The multiphysics capabilities of ADINA are unique both in their breadth and depth. Using these capabilities, not only a wide range of interactions between different physical fields can be considered, but each of these fields is treated in a general form without compromise on accuracy. FluidStructure Interaction (FSI)
ADINA FSI offers comprehensive capabilities for solving problems involving the interaction between general nonlinear structures and general NavierStokes fluid flow all tightly integrated in a single program.
Airbag Deployment FSI Simulation in ADINA using Implicit Time Integration Examples of Industrial Applications
For detailed information on ADINA FSI, refer to our page on fluidstructure interaction capabilities of ADINA.
ThermoMechanical Coupling (TMC)
The solution of fully coupled thermomechanical problems can be performed with ADINA TMC. In this class of problems, the temperature distribution affects the structural deformation and the structural deformation may affect the temperature distribution.
ThermoMechanical Analysis of Composite Shells Examples of Industrial Applications
For detailed information on ADINA TMC, refer to our page on thermalmechanical coupling capabilities of ADINA.
StructuralPore Pressure Coupling (Porous Media) This multiphysics problem is characterized by the coupling between the pore pressure and the deformation of a porous material (e.g., soil, biological tissues…) consisting of a solid skeleton and pore fluid. Mechanical deformation changes the pore pressure and change in the pore pressure causes mechanical deformation.
A variety of constitutive models can be used for the skeleton, such as: elastic isotropic, orthotropic, thermoisotropic, thermoorthotropic, thermoplastic, DruckerPrager, MohrCoulomb, Camclay, creep, plasticcreep, etc.
Poroelastic Finite Element Model for Prediction of Progressive Failure of Lumbar Discs Examples of Industrial Applications
ThermalFluidStructural Coupling
In this class of multiphysics problems, heat transfer, fluid flow and the mechanical deformation are all coupled. As an example, the fluid flow changes the temperature in the system and this change of temperature causes mechanical deformation changing the boundary conditions for the flow, thus affecting the flow.
Thermal CFD and Stress Analysis of an Exhaust Manifold Examples of Industrial Applications
For detailed information, refer to our page on thermalfluidstructure interaction capabilities of ADINA.
Electric FieldStructural Coupling (Piezoelectric)
Piezoelectric problems are characterized by the coupling of the electric field and mechanical deformation. Applying an electric field to a piezoelectric material causes mechanical deformation and the mechanical deformation causes an electric field.
This phenomenon is the basis for the design of many sensors and actuators.
Piezoelectric Actuation of a Cantilever An iterative solution of the electric field and structural deformation is implemented in ADINA TMC module. Users can also implement nonlinear constitutive relations between the electric displacement (electric flux) and the strain tensor (piezoelectric matrix). Examples of Industrial Applications
ThermalElectrical Coupling (Joule Heating)
Joule heating is characterized by heat being generated by an electric
current. The heat affects the surrounding media.
RadioFrequency Ablation of Tissues Using the ADINA CFD Joule Heat Capability Examples of Industrial Applications
Acoustic FluidStructural Coupling
In some practical applications, the fluid can be assumed to be inviscid and irrotational. This assumption significantly reduces the computational effort required for calculation of the fluid response and also in the fluidstructure interaction problems.
Subsonic Potentialbased Fluid Element in ADINA This multiphysics capability is particularly useful when the frequency response of coupled fluidstructure systems is of interest. Examples of Industrial Applications
Fluid FlowMass Transfer Coupling
This class of multiphysics problems is characterized by the coupling between the momentum, continuity and energy equations governing the flow of a mixture of a fluid and other species (solute). The coupling is due to
the dependence of the mixture’s density and viscosity on the solute concentration. Transfer of the solute due to the flow changes the spatial distribution of the mixture density and also its viscosity, consequently affecting the flow pattern, which in turn affects the movement of the solute.
Multiphysics Flow in Porous Media Examples of Industrial Applications
Fluid FlowElectromagnetic Coupling
In this class of multiphysics problems, the fluid flow is driven by the Lorentz forces caused by the electromagnetic field.
Examples of Industrial Applications
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